Heart disease is one of the popular cause of death around the world. It is also a major cause of disability. There are several things which can raise your risk for heart disease. It is known as risk factors. There are some which you cannot control, but there are many which you can control. Having knowledge about them can lower your risk of heart disease.
What are the heart diseases risk factors that I cannot change?
Age: The risk of heart disease increases as you get older. Men-age 45 and older and women age 55 and older have a greater risk.
Gender: There are some risks which can affect heart disease risk differently in women than in men. For example, estrogen provides women some protection against heart disease, but diabetes raises the risk of heart disease more in women than in men.
Family History: You may have a great risk if you have a close family member who had heart disease at an early age.
What can I do to lower my risk of heart disease?
There are several things which can reduce our chances of getting heart disease:
Control your blood pressure: High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. It is important to get your blood pressure checked constantly at least once a year for most adult, and more often if you have high blood pressure.
Stay at a healthy weight: Being overweight or having obesity may increase your risk for heart disease. It is mostly because they are linked to other heart disease risk factors, including high blood cholesterol and triglycerides levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes controlling your weight can lower these risks.
Eat a healthy diet: Try to limit saturated fats, foods high in sodium, and added sugars. The DASH diet is an example of an eating plan which can help you to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol, two things that can lower your risk of heart disease.
Get regular exercise. Exercise has many benefits, including strengthening your heart and improving your circulation. It can also help you maintain a healthy weight and lower cholesterol and blood pressure. All of these can lower your risk of heart disease.
Limit alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure. It also adds extra calories, which may cause weight gain. Both of those raise your risk of heart disease.
Don’t smoke. Cigarette smoking raises your blood pressure and puts you at higher risk for heart attack and stroke. If you do not smoke, do not start.